Value Orientations in Selected Filipino Work Groups
The study had two objectives. First, to explore, using both Hofstede’s original questionnaire and a modified Hofstede questionnaire, if Hofstede’s original results would be obtained. And second, to explore if there are significant differences in the above value orientations among the sample groups chosen. The overall sample indices were found to be about the same as those estimated by Hofstede over fifteen years ago particularly for power distance and masculinity. On uncertainty avoidance and individualism, his estimates were significantly lower than this study’s overall sample means. Value orientations also differed across a wide range of occupational groups and research sites. Two questionnaires (Hofstede’s original questionnaire and the research team’s questionnaire) were used and found to be congruent. Thus, either one may be used for measuring inter group differences. The results of this exploratory study provide enough basis to enlarge the sample in order to identify superordinate variables that will further explain the differences between groups obtained in this study. The next phase will report the findings on fifteen occupational groups and thirty research sites.