Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

The Philippine Management Review (PMR), in its pursuit to publish scholarly articles in business, management, and allied areas, commits to uphold a high standard of quality and academic integrity.

PMR is a double-blind, peer-reviewed journal published annually to provide a forum for applied research on finance and management issues. Academic papers that make a contribution to the study of management in the Philippines and Asia are the preferred material for the journal. PMR serves primarily as a venue for the publication of research work done at the Cesar E.A. Virata School of Business, University of the Philippines. Outside contributions from other academics and from practitioners are published on a selective basis. Views and recommendations expressed in the articles are the sole responsibility of the respective authors.

The Philippine Management Review is committed to the highest publication standards and ensuring quality of submissions. Acceptance decisions are based on articles’ significance, originality, clarity, relevance to the journal's scope, and contribution to the body of management knowledge.

PMR, its publisher, editors, reviewers, and authors shall adhere to the following publication ethics and malpractice statement mainly based on Elsevier publication policies and the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011):

Double-blind Peer Review      

A double-blind (both reviewer and author are anonymous to each other) peer review is done after submission. After assessing carefully to determine if the submission fits the aims and scope of PMR, the editors appoint reviewers to help determine validity, significance and originality of the work. The reviewers can suggest improvements to the manuscript and the research. Based on the reviewers’ recommendations, the editors will accept, accept with revisions, reject a manuscript with an option to resubmit as a new submission, or reject without the option to resubmit.

To help reviewers make good judgments, a manuscript evaluation form evaluating the content for relevance and importance to business management, theoretical contributions, conceptual innovation, and technical and methodological rigor to assess whether the articles adhere to the standards of PMR. Recommendations are made before the manuscript is published.

Courtesy and respect

PMR’s editors, authors, referees, and editorial staff shall observe academic and professional courtesy and mutual respect in the exercise of their roles and responsibilities at all times.

Role of the Editorial Board

It is the chief responsibility of the Editorial Board, in consultation with the Issue Editor/s, to maintain the integrity of the academic process behind the generation of each issue and to constantly uphold intellectual and ethical standards when appointing reviewers and accepting articles for publication.

The Editorial Board exerts every effort to ensure accuracy and clarity of research reporting. It expects compliance with highest standards of ethical behavior on the part of all parties involved: authors, editors, peer reviewers, and the publisher. Authors are expected to submit original works. Current sanctions against copyright infringement and plagiarism apply.

The members of the Editorial Board are appointed based on their expertise in the journal’s scope. They are representatives from various key research institutions in the country and partner universities abroad.

Editors’ responsibilities

Publication decisions

The issue editors are responsible and accountable for deciding which of the papers submitted to PMR will be published. The editors will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decision will be based on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the journal's scope. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism should also be considered.


The issue editors and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

The issue editors or the members of the editorial board will not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper for their own research purposes without the author's explicit written consent.

Reviewers' responsibilities

Contribution to editorial decisions

The peer-reviewing process assists the issue editors and the editorial board in making editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper.


Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources

Reviewers should identify cases in which relevant published work referred to in the paper has not been cited in the reference section. They should point out whether observations or arguments derived from other publications are accompanied by the respective source. Reviewers will notify the editor of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers. Readers should be informed about who has funded research or other scholarly work and whether the funders had any role in the research and its publication and, if so, what this was.

Authors' duties

Reporting standards

Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources

Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited. Authors shall provide attribution and consent from their co-authors to submit their manuscript for publication consideration to PMR. Under no circumstances will authors cause to, or fail to disclose their co-authors or contributors for proper acknowledgement and attribution. Authors shall disclose conflict of interest and/or funding sources that may influence the outcome of their study. It is the authors’ duty to read, understand, and comply with the Instruction for Authors (, particularly in using the prescribed citation and referencing format before submitting their manuscript.

Authorship of the paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors.

The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved persons are included in the author list. The corresponding author will also verify that all co-authors have approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.

Publication Ethics

Dealing with misconduct

PMR reserves the right to investigate misconduct. A misconduct is an “intention to cause others to regard as true that which is not true” (Committee on Publication Ethics, 1999, p. 46). The Editorial Board will decide on the corresponding sanctions using the Guidelines on Good Publication Practice by the Committee on Publication Ethics when dealing with misconduct related matters.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Manuscripts that have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be submitted. In addition, manuscripts while under review by the PMR should not be resubmitted to copyrighted publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the author(s) retain the rights to the published material. In case of publication they permit the use of their work under a CC-BY license [], which allows others to copy, distribute and transmit the work as well as to adapt the work and to make commercial use of it.

Retracting and correcting articles

In cases where errors and incorrect information are detected, the authors are informed by the PMR issue editors. Corrections are made at the journal’s discretion. The correction procedure depends on the publication stage of the manuscript. But in all circumstances, correction notices are published as soon as possible in an Erratum page of a subsequent issue.

Copyright and Access

Authors should agree with the publication and copyrights agreement prior to the publication of their manuscripts.

Authors are free to share their research in different ways. They can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from the Philippine Management Review archives and the University of the Philippines repository. These manuscripts are the version that has been accepted for publication.


All PMR issues since 1990 are archived in the website for electronic copies. Also, PMR regularly prints copies of its annual issues and can be purchased from the Library of Cesar EA Virata School of Business, University of the Philippines.



Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Retrieved from

Elsevier’s Editor Welcome Pack (September 2017). Elsevier’s Editor’s Home.